For the first time, instrumental music was more important than vocal music.
The modern symphony orchestra is born, with fuller sounding strings, plus
clarinets, bassoons, oboes, and flutes. Although trumpets and horns
were still valveless, they acquired the harmony role which made the harpsichord
obsolete in the orchestra. Trombones, tubas, and the extensive percussion
we use today were not yet introduced to the orchestra setting.
A symphony is a long
composition for orchestra, usually with three to four movements.
To achieve a variety of sounds, composers strive to make each movement
different by changing the mood, tempo, or style.
Franz Joseph Haydn is considered
to be the father of the symphony and he composed 104 symphonies during
his life. Beethoven composed nine symphonies
with his fifth and ninth
being the most famous.
Fifth Symphony, 1st mvmt,
MIDI sequence by R. Sierra
Ninth Symphony, 4th mvmt,
MIDI sequence by William C. Yu
Beethoven, "Symphony No.5 in C minor, Mvmt. 1"; The SAMPLER
; Classical Treasures
©1993 Madacy Music Group Inc. (MH-2-8400)
Mozart, "Symphony No.35 in D Major, K.385, 'Haffner'"; Mozart: Symphonies 35, 40
; Julius Rudel, Virtuosi di Praga; Musical Heritage Society;
©1994 MusicMasters Inc. (513904Z)