History of Classical Music

Lieder

(Romantic 6)
The term lieder is the plural Form of the German word lied which means "song." The function of lieder is to set fine poetry to beautiful music. Lieder is accompanied by the piano, but the piano is like a partner to the singer in that it helps to create a particular artistic effect which the composer wished to represent.

There are two types of lieder in the Romantic period. First, the strophic song is similar to a hymn, as each stanza of poetry receives the same melody. Second, the through-composed song provides different music for every stanza of a poem. Schubert's Erlkonig (Elf King) is an example of through-composed Romantic Lieder.

Franz Schubert
Previous (Opera) Overview of Romantic Next (Nationalism)

Sample Works:


MIDI Example Erlkönig

Credits:

Erlkoenig(transcribed for piano by Franz List), MIDI sequence by John Cowles
    from Classical MIDI Connection


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